Are you in search of a perfect conductor of electricity? You do not need to worry anymore because stanene is exactly what you need. Stanene is working great than graphene and any of two-dimensional materials like germanene or silicone. This is because stanene is made of tin atoms, which are so conducive to allow electricity flow without heat loss to save electricity.
The mesh was created by a physicist at Stanford University known as Shou-Cheng Zhang and his partners at Four University in China. It was created by vaporizing tin in a vacuum where atoms were collected on the surface of bismuth telluride.
A tin atoms structure of two-dimension honeycomb was made where the substrate interacted with stanene disrupting the whole process, which produce the perfect conductor. To control interaction, the team decide to use an inert substrate and large amounts of tin.
According to Shou-Cheng, at room temperature, a stanene sheet could be a good topological insulator. The electrons could be prevented from moving along the sheet’s edges without colliding with other atoms or electrons. In defined lanes, the electrons lack speed limit.
APPLICATION OF STANENE
Stanene could lower the power and increase the speed of future generation computers chips that could operate at room temperature.
It could reduce heat production and power consumption of microprocessors, which make it perfect in saving electric energy.
People have been using topological insulators in mercury telluride where they combine selenium, tellurium, antimony, and bismuth but non-conduct at room temperature.
There is no enough proof to most researchers that the structure is indeed stanene. This can only be confirmed by measuring crystal arrangement, which requires large amounts of the material.
For now, the team is going on as they can see the upper surface with a buckled honeycomb as predicted.