The Costa Rican Electricity Institute (ICE) has claimed that in the year 2016, the nation has utilised 98% of its renewable energy. With a population of 4.9 million, the country utilises energy derived from large hydropower facilities, which are fed by several rivers and heavy rains. Although there are multiple energy resources like geothermal plants and wind turbines, Costa Rica had barely used them last year. It has, however, turned towards more renewable sources like biomass and solar power.
In 2015, Costa Rica had used 98.9 % of renewable energy, and in the year 2016, it has gone ahead and used to some extent more than 2016’s predictable total. Unlike bigger and industrialised countries, Costa Rica seems to be a more awakened and aware country about energy usage.
However, one should understand that a small nation like Costa Rica has a smaller economy and abundance in natural resources, giving it a benefit over bigger powerhouses like the United States who need much more energy to cater to the demand. Costa Rica’s population is 65 times less than that of the United States. Also, the country generates 373 times less electricity than that of the United States. Thus, the bigger countries have a bigger energy appetite and face a larger challenge in making the electric grid use more renewable energy resources.
However, for Costa Rica, the clean energy narrative will probably continue into the year 2017, as per the President of ICE, Carlos Manuel Obregón, who said, “The power company expects renewable power generation to stay “stable” this year, thanks in part to the nation’s four new wind farms and favourable hydro-meteorological conditions, which are projected near the nation’s hydropower plants.”
It is thus likely that Costa Rica turns out with a phenomenal instance and encourages some more geographically smaller and less dense countries to develop innovative methods to use more amounts of renewable energy sources.