2019 saw Denmark break new records for renewable electricity generation. The Danish national media outlet reports that, for the first time, more than 50% of Denmark’s electricity consumption comes from renewable sources.
This is not only an increase from the previous year but it also beats the previous 2017 record, which had touched 46% green energy consumption.
The data for 2019 showed that generation via. wind turbines provided 47% of the green energy. The rest came from solar power.
The majority of energy generation has been happening due to the installation of the Horns Rev 3 offshore wind farm, which became operational a few months ago. Located in the west of Denmark and it covers the annual electricity consumption of about 20% of the total Danish households. It consists of 49 Vestas V164-8.3 MW turbines, giving it a total nameplate capacity of 407 MW, equivalent to the last major wind farm that went online in the country in 2013: the 400 MW Anholt wind farm, which has 111 Siemens turbines, 3.6 MW each. This cuts down more than half the number of turbines needed in 6 years, which explains the drastic decline in offshore wind energy cost in the last 10 years.
Jan Hylleberg, CEO of Wind Denmark, which represents the Danish wind turbine industry, stated to dr.dk: “It’s primarily the endorsement of Horns Rev 3 that has increased output, but it’s also related to the fact that 2019 has been a somewhat better wind year than 2018.”
However, the staggering growth has only just begun. There are more offshore wind farms coming up like Kriegers Flak in the Baltic Sea and Thor in the North Sea which will be connected to the Danish and German electricity grid by 2021, and by 2025. With wind turbines becoming a huge supplier for renewables the Danish Parliament has become more ambitious with its new climate law, that aims to reduce CO2 emissions by 70% in 2030 compared. Further developments and innovations in this arena could help Denmark realize its end goal of being CO2 neutral by 2050.